shah abbas ii

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shah abbas ii

Yet none of these raids constituted a vital threat to the Safavid state (Wāleh Eṣfahāni, pp. Riazul Islam, Indo-Persian Relations: A Study of the Political and Diplomatic Relations between the Mughul Empire and Iran, Tehran, 1970. "Between Arabs, Turks and Iranians: The Town of Basra, 1600-1700,". Jean Chardin, Voyages du chevalier Chardin, en Perse, et autres lieux de l’Orient, ed. 148-49). became his next grand vizier, the first cleric to serve as grand vizier (eʿtemād al-dawla, q.v.). D. Still, in the last twelve years of his reign and life the shah withdrew from direct state affairs to engage in the pleasures of the office at the expense of the execution of his duties. The two have great chemistry together, which is why fans on social media love watching them work together. Niccolò Manucci, Storia do Mogor or Mugul India 1653-1708, tr. Born Soltan Mohammad Mirza, he was the eldest son of Safi I with his Circassian wife, Anna Khanum. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Shah Abbas II (31 Dec 1632–25 Oct 1666), Find a Grave Memorial no. 108-10). and tr. Ông là vị quân vương thứ 7 của triều đại Safavid. Moḥammad-Ṭāher Naṣrābādi, Tāriḵ-e Naṣrābādi, ed. The most noteworthy domestic event of his reign is a rebellion among the Baḵtiāri (q.v.) ; Matthee 2012, pp. de Jongh 298, 1 November 1642). H. Chick, ed. 329 ff. 576-77; Fasāʾi, I, p. 477; Matthee, 2005, p. 54). In 1648 Abbas conquered Kandahar. Allegedly instigated by the Iranians, tensions were defused when an ambassador was sent to Istanbul (Floor, 2006, p. 561; Matthee, 2006, p. 67). Despite Mughal attempts to recover Kandahar, the city and its province would remain in Safavid hands for the duration of the dynasty (Waḥid Qazvini, pp. Moḥammad-Ṭāher Waḥid Qazvini, ʿAbbās-nāma, ed. Find the perfect shah abbas ii stock photo. While the young shah enjoyed himself riding horses and hunting with falcons and leopards, these retained a tight grip on power, making sure to rid themselves of any competitors, including the powerful Rostam Khan, the military commander (sepah-sālār) and governor of Azerbaijan, who was killed at their instigation (NA, Coll. 445 ff. More turbulent were conditions in Khorasan on the northeastern frontier. in 8, Dordrecht and Amsterdam, 1724-26, V: Keurlyke beschryving van Choromandel, Pegu, Arrakan, Bengale, Mocha, van ’t Nederlandsch comptoir in Persien en zaken overblyvzlen; een net beschryving van Malacca...Sumatra... Malabar...Japan ...Kaap der goede hoope...Mauritius. 255-6 A4 Paper copies ‘VIII. A measure of justice and stability indeed marked the reign of Shah ʿAbbās II. Abbas II of Persia. The driving force behind this policy was grand vizier Moḥammad Mirzā “Sāru” Taqi, who argued that, with the risk of war reduced, reliance on semi-independent governors was no longer necessary; therefore, state land should be appropriated by the crown (Chardin, V, pp. Gel. 410-11; Abisaab, pp. The reverse gives the Islamic profession of faith, the … Louis Langlès, 10 vols. 512; Waḥid Qazvini, p. 556). Idem, “Rudeness and Revilement: Russian-Iranian Relations in the Mid-Seventeenth Century,” Iranian Studies 46/3, 2013, pp. At various times between 1055/1645 and 1064/1654, the Safavid authorities also forbade Christians from selling alcohol to Muslims, and took other measures targeting non-Shiʿites. 569-70, 582; Chardin, X, pp. Alternative dates are given as Friday 18 Jomādā II 1043/December 1632 and Monday 4 Rajab 1042/15 January 1633 (Malcolm, I, p. 577, referring to the Zobdat al-tawāriḵ; Luft, p. 153; Wāleh Eṣfahāni, p. 153). François Valentijn, Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indiën. Dordrecht and Amsterdam, 1726. ), the head of the praetorian guard (qurči-bāši; NA, Coll. In the years of Ḵalifa Solṭān’s tenure as grand vizier (1055-64/1645-54), the reappearance of external threats, and especially the need for support from the country’s Turkish tribal elements in the war over Kandahar, temporarily stalled the conversion of state land. Arakel of Tabriz, The History of Vardapet Arakʾel of Tabriz, ed. Am 12. Shah Abbas is widely recognized to have been the most eminent ruler of the Safavid Dynasty that ruled Persia (Iran) from 1502 to 1722 C.E. In the first years of the shah’s reign the court was effectively ruled by a cabal consisting of Shah Ṣafi’s mother, Anna Ḵanom, grand vizier Mirzā Moḥammad “Sāru” (blond) Taqi, and the qurči-bāši, Jāni Khan (NA, VOC 1141, 20 August 1642, fol. Joan Cuneaus, the VOC envoy who in March 1652 met with the shah during an audience where the ruler allowed his guests to drink from his own wine cup, described him as being of medium height, rather skinny, loose-limbed, and beardless (Speelman, pp. 123-25). 5 vols. 148-49). From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abbas_II_of_Persia&oldid=6526373, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Willem M. Floor, “The Rise and Fall of Mirza Taqi, the Eunuch Grand Vizier (1043-55/1633-45) Makhdūm al-Omarā va Khādem al-Foqarā,” Studia Iranica 26, 1997, pp. No se sabe mucho sobre la juventud de Mohammad Mirza, excepto que pasó su juventud en el harén, y fue tutelado por su mentor Rajab Ali Tabrizi. ceremonial palace in Isfahan with its wall decorations, most likely in 1646-47 (Babaie 1994; idem, 2008, pp. Kathryn Babayan, Mystics, Monarchs, and Messiahs: Cultural Landscapes of Early Modern Iran, Cambridge, Mass., 2002. View the profiles of professionals named "Shah Abbas" on LinkedIn. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. 578-79; Lockhart, p. 29). The shah’s well known fondness for Sufism and Sufis, whom he patronized to the point of becoming known as the “dervish-loving monarch,” is likely to have contributed to the outburst of anti-populist and anti-Sufi writing by religious scholars, which targeted non-Shiʿite Muslims as well as Sufis of the Qalandari, antinomian variant (Babayan, pp. Sayyed Ḥasan Sādāt Nāṣeri, 2 vols., Tehran, 1992-95. Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, Les six voyages de Jean Baptiste Tavernier en Turquie, en Perse, et aux Indes, 2 vols. Subsequent commentators and historians have echoed this verdict (Picault, IX, p. 72; Malcolm, I, pp. The expedition to Kandahar, which had been lost to the Mughals under Shah Ṣafi I, counts as Shah ʿAbbās II’s main military venture and as the last significant military campaign of the Safavids. Shah ʿAbbās took effective power in 1055/late 1645 by ridding himself of Mirzā “Sāru” Taqi and Jāni Khan, using Jāni Khan to remove his octogenarian, exceedingly powerful grand vizier, and then turning on Jāni Khan (Floor, 1997, pp. [2] Era hijo del Shah Safi I y la circasiana, Anna Khanum. In the later 1060s/1650s, a period of relative peace coinciding with mounting financial problems, the practice was resumed under the auspices of the newly appointed grand vizier Moḥammad Beg. Gel. ʿABBĀS I, styled “the Great,” king of Iran (996-1038/1588-1629) of the Safavid dynasty, third son and successor of Solṭān Moḥammad Shah.He was born on 1 Ramażān 978/27 January 1571, and died in Māzandarān on Jomādā I 1038/19 January 1629, after reigning … Soṭān-al-ʿOlamāʾ Ḵalifa Solṭān (q.v.) Western travelers and residents, seduced by the warm welcome they received at the court and the business opportunities it offered, tended to portray ʿAbbās’s personality and character in favorable terms. Qom. 818; on his death and burial, also see Waliqoli Šāmlu, II, fols. Sussan Babaie, “Shah Abbas II: The Conquest of Qandahar, the Chihil Sutun, and Its Wall Paintings,” Muqarnas 11, 1994, pp. 7656, British Library, London; ed. EF These measures foundered on subterfuge, and, combined with a stagnating influx of silver from Ottoman lands, only precipitated a dramatic decrease in the availability of precious metal, leading to steep decline in the number of mints in this period (Matthee, 2012, pp. He also encouraged economic and cultural development by reducing taxes, practicing tolerance toward non-Muslims, and building a new capital at Isfahan, which would become a thriving center of trade, arts, and learning. The former would succeed him as Shah Ṣafi II, re-crowned Shah Solaymān in 1078/1667. de Jongh 166, 23 May 1642). Ch. and tr., A Chronicle of the Carmelites in Persia and the Papal Mission of the XVIIth and XVIIIth Centuries, 2 vols., London, 1939; repr., London and New York, 2012. View the profiles of professionals named "Abbas Shah" on LinkedIn. He died in Khusruabad near Damghan on the night of 25–26 October 1666. 576-77; Waḥid Qazvini, pp. Shah Abbas II Safavi.jpg 442 × 542; 113 KB Shah abbas ii Sahand Ace.jpg 415 × 731; 58 KB Shah Abbas II, 1663, Aga Khan trust of culture.PNG 421 × 947; 985 KB 580-81, 616; Manucci, I, p. 40; Valentijn, bk 5, p. 301). William Irvine, 4 vols., London, 1907. He was buried in Qom (NA, VOC 1255, fol. Submitted tags will be reviewed by site administrator before it is posted online.If you enter several tags, separate with commas. Fils du chah Séfi, petit-fils d'Abbas I er, il succéda à son père le 15 mai 1642 [2], à l'âge de 15 ans. Mirzā Ḥasan Fasāʾi, Fārs-nāma-ye nāṣeri, ed. M. de Fiennes, ed. ʿABBĀS II, Shah, seventh Safavid king, son of Shah Ṣafi I (r. 15 Ṣafar 1052-25 Rabiʿ I 1077/15 May 1642-25 September 1666).Shah ʿAbbās II, known as Solṭān-Moḥammad Mirzā prior to his enthronement, was born in Qazvin, most likely, as the Dutch report, on Monday 14 Ṣafar 1042/30 August 1632, as the first of Shah Ṣafi’s five sons (NA, VOC 1106, 8 May 1633, unfol. Laurence Lockhart, The Fall of the Ṣafavī Dynasty and the Afghan Occupation of Persia, Cambridge, 1958. Abbas II nació como Soltan Mohammad Mirza en Qazvin el lunes 30 de agosto de 1632. Bold strike and well-centered! London, 1926. What three adjectives are used to describe Shah Abbas? Rudi Matthee, The Politics of Trade in Safavid Iran: Silk for Silver, 1600-1730, Cambridge, 1999. building, a project that took three years to complete. Paul Luft, “Iran unter Schāh `Abbās II (1642-1666),” Ph. 368-71; Tavernier, I, pp. This led to the destruction of a number of Russian-built fortresses on the banks of the Qarya Su (Wāleh Eṣfahāni, pp. Purchased by J. H. Churchill on May 15, 1895 Rula Jurdi Abisaab, Converting Persia: Religion and Power in the Safavid Empire, London and New York, 2004. In 1066/1656 the Kalmyks raided Astarabad/Estrābād. ʿAbbās II, aged nine-and-a-half, was enthroned in Kashan on Thursday 15 Ṣafar 1052/May 15, 1642, four days after the death of his father, Shah Ṣafi I (r. 1038-52/1629-42) and following a meeting of the state council presided over by grand vizier Mirzā Moḥammad Sāru Taqi. The same period also saw increased pressure on Jews and Christians to adopt Islam, leading to mass conversion among these groups (Matthee, 2012, pp. Şah Abbas, I Abbas Səfəvi və ya Böyük Şah Abbas (27 yanvar 1571, Herat – 19 yanvar 1629 (), Mazandaran ostanı) — Səfəvilər dövlətin V hökmdarı. Jahrhundert, Berlin, 1966. Rudi Matthee, Willem Floor, and Patrick Clawson, The Monetary History of Iran: From the Safavids to the Qajars, London, 2013. Tavernier attributed the death to an inflammation of the throat, the result of excessive drinking (Tavernier, I, p. 582). Idem, Isfahan and Its Palaces: Statecraft, Shiʿism and the Architecture of Conviviality in Early Modern Iran, Edinburgh, 2008. From Kashan the new shah moved to the cooler environs of Qazvin, where he spent the remainder of the year, including the following winter, engaged in educational training, games, and sports, only to return to Isfahan in the early spring of 1053/1643 (Waḥid Qazvini, pp. 2. (Optional) Enter email address if you would like feedback about your tag. tribe in 1054/1644, which was put down, after which the region was turned into crown land (ḵāṣṣa) at the behest of “Sāru” Taqi (Luft, pp. He was the seventh Shah of the Safavid Dynasty. Following his success in regaining Kandahar, the shah appears to have lost his grip on power. Lollywood actor Imran Abbas and Alizeh Shah are two of the brightest stars in our showbiz industry. [3] His name was Sultan Muhammed Mirza until he became Shah on 15 May 1642. Then Khalifa Sultan became grand vizier until his death in 1653 or 1654. September 1666) aus der Dynastie der Safawiden war von Mai 1642 bis Dezember 1666 Schah von Persien. 258 ff. Related to Qom city (located in Qom province) The said tomb is located to the south west of the shrine, and is spectacular from architectural point of view. Traveling via Mashad, Herat, and Bost the Iranians laid siege to Kandahar in January 1649 and, after a brief siege, took the city on 11 February 1649. A Persian couplet on the front translates 'In the world, Abbas the second, by the favour of God, struck the coin of the Constellations'. Klaus Michael Röhrborn, Provinzen und Zentralgewalt Persiens im 16. und 17. 133-39; Matthee, 2012, pp. On 11 October 1645 he was killed by a group of army officers. Faced with pressure from different sides, Shah ʿAbbās II may well have chosen to give in to hard-line arguments and requests for reasons of expediency, more particularly to appease his clerics, some of whom engaged in criticism of the shah’s own unholy life style. 237-66. He frequented meeting places of the ordinary people in order to learn of extortion and oppression on the part of his officials; his punishment of corrupt officials was swift. 397-98, 512-14). Abbas II. Iranians, according to the same observer, appreciated his sense of justice, his magnanimity, and the courage and good conduct that had, in their eyes, contributed mightily to the rehabilitation of the country (Chardin, IX, pp. 340-41; Wāleh Eṣfahāni, pp. Read more about Mausoleums in Iran. diss., University of Göttingen, 1968; tr. No need to register, buy now! Manṣur Rastgār Fasāʾi, 2 vols., Tehran, 1988. 147-58). Shah ʿAbbās sought to keep the tribal periphery quiet and loyal by allowing rebels to return to the Safavid fold and by giving them a stake in the system. 43-44). Hamadān was added to the stock of ḵāṣṣa land in 1064/1654; Ardabil, Semnān and Ḵᵛār followed suit in 1066/1656-57, and Kermān in 1068/1658-59 (Wāleh Eṣfahāni, pp. There are 400+ professionals named "Abbas Shah", who use LinkedIn to exchange information, ideas, and opportunities. 130-33v; Gorgijanidze, pp. 125-42. De Jongh, 15 July 1642). ʿAbbās II’s reign further saw fierce religious controversy. John Malcolm, The History of Persia from the Early Period to the Present Time, 2 vols., London, 1815. Abbas was born on December 20, 1633 in the Safavid capital of Isfahan. ; Waliqoli Šāmlu, fols. There is no contemporary confirmation for the report that the shah was baptized on his deathbed (Krusinksi, I, pp. Shah Abbas II (born 31 December 1632;[2] died 25/26 October 1666) was Shah of Iran from 1642 to 1666. It was important for not having any Ottoman attacks. 114-19; Matthee, 2013). There are 50+ professionals named "Shah Abbas", who use LinkedIn to exchange information, ideas, and opportunities. Shah Abbas II of the Safavid Empire of Iran was the shining light in a period of decline for the Safavids. He was the son of Shah Safi I and a Circassian, Anna Khanum. Gel. P. Gorgijanidze, Istoriya Gruzii, ed. About what amount of pieces in the museum are on loan from Iran? Since he was less than ten years old when he became shah, the job of governing Persia was given to the grand vizier Saru Taqi. Abbas the Great or Abbas I of Persia (Persian: شاه عباس بزرگ ‎; 27 January 1571 – 19 January 1629) was the 5th Safavid Shah (king) of Iran, and is generally considered as one of the greatest rulers of Persian history and the Safavid dynasty.He was the third son of Shah Mohammad Khodabanda.. An inscription here reveals the date 1077 AH. Shah Abbas II (1633-1666) là vua Ba Tư từ năm 1642 tới năm 1666. Dutch sources tell us that as of 1040/1639, three years before acceding to the throne, ʿAbbās was supervised and trained by Moḥammad-ʿAli Beg, the steward (nāẓer) of the royal household, and Jāni Khan Šāmlu (q.v. Moḥammad-Yusof Wāleh Eṣfahāni, Irān dar zamān-e Šāh Ṣafi wa Šāh ʿAbbās-e dovvom: ḥadiqa-ye šešom wa haftom az rawża-ye šešom-e Ḵold-e barin, ed. He thus co-opted the Lezghis of Daghestan, granting them an annual stipend in return for a pledge to halt their incursions (Doury Efendy, p. 34; Picault, I, p. 180). Shah Abbas | Federal Capial &AJK, Pakistan | O&M Operation and Maintenance Engineer-Electrical | 313 connections | View Shah's homepage, profile, activity, articles [3] Era el mayor de cinco hermanos. The sources also mention an uprising among Isfahan’s population against the city’s Georgian city prefect (dāruḡa), Parsadan Gorgijanidze (Waliqoli Šāmlu, fols. Since he was less than ten years old when he became shah, the job of governing Persia was placed in the hands of his mother, Anna Khanum, and the grand vizier, Saru Taqi, while Abbas concentrated on his education at Qazvin. Il conquiert Kandahar sur l'empereur moghol, il était bienveillant à l’egard des voyageurs français Chardin et Tavernier, tolérant envers les chretiens.Il meurt en 1666, après un règne moins glorieux, mais moins sanguinaire que celui de son aïeul. and tr. Ismāʿīl’s successor, Ṭahmāsp I (reigned 1524–76), encouraged carpet weaving on the scale of a state industry. English: State Paper- Order / Firman of Shah Abbas II, granting a yearly pension of fifty Tumans to Muhammad Baqir Khorasani-1658-1068 A.H. British Library Or. 156-57). N. Naṣrābādi, 2 vols., Tehran, 1999. ), throttling Iran’s maritime trade. Uzbek incursions, a perennial problem, continued as well, intensifying in 1649-50 and flaring up again in 1652, 1656, and 1664-66. In Jean Chardin’s words, the shah considered himself put on the throne by God to rule as a king responsible for the welfare of all his subjects, not as a tyrant bent on the curtailment of freedom, including the freedom of conscience. Shah Abbas was king during the ____ century. 42 il Səfəvi dövlətini idarə etmiş şah I Abbas (1587-1629) dövlətin Şah İsmayıldan sonra itirilmiş qüdrətini bərpa etdi. His most important architectural achievement is the completion of the Čehel Sotun (q.v.) 110-14; Luft, pp. 53-78. compagnie Joan Cunaeus naar Perzië in 1651-1652, ed. The first campaign involved Cossack depredations as well as appeals for Russian assistance by Teymuraz, the erstwhile viceroy (wāli) of Georgia, who sought to break free of Safavid domination. Shah ʿAbbās II’s foreign policy was marked by caution and calculation. 85-90). 251-53). Little more is known about his youth than that he grew up in the royal harem surrounded by women and eunuchs, and that his tutor was Rajab-ʿAli Tabrizi (d. 1080/1670), a man of letters whom Raphaël du Mans called remarkable for his love of science and his virtue, and who remained the shah’s confidant throughout his reign (Richard, ed., I, p. 67; Naṣrābādi, I, p. 223). 4935, VIII C. Rieu’s Supplement to the Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts in the British Museum 1658 AD pp. The shah’s first attempt to mount an expedition, made shortly after his accession, came to naught. 37, 122; Matthee, 2012, pp. 399-400, 417-18; also see Kaempfer, pp. ; Floor and Faghfoory, Matthee, 1999, pp. 47-48). ; Riazul Islam, pp. He was the seventh Shah of the Safavid Dynasty.He was the son of Shah Safi I and a Circassian, Anna Khanum. Ebrāhim Dehgān, Arāk, 1950. A surviving sister, Pari-roḵsār Ḵānom, who was kept in the harem, was later married to the brother of her sister’s husband, the ṣadr-e ḵāṣṣa (Chardin, IX, p. 564). PERSIA, SAFAVID: Shah ABBAS II (1052-1077 AH/1642-1666), Silver abbasi (7.68 g 21.5 mm), Mint of Tabriz, struck AH 1053 (1643), It is type A (Abbas bande-ye shah-e velayat) Album-2642 Rated Scarce! Paris, 1676. Moḥammad-Reżā Nāṣeri, Tehran, 2001. Mai 1642 folgte er seinem Vater Safi I. auf den Thron.. Abbas II. Learn shah abbas with free interactive flashcards. and ed, Collection d’historiens arméniens, 2 vols., St. Petersburg, 1874-76. The most important manifestation of the shah’s efforts to increase the flow of revenue to the center is the expansion of crown (ḵāṣṣa) land. De Jongh 171a, 14 October 1642; VOC 1144, 14 May 1643; Floor, 1997, p. 255). ʿABBĀS II, Shah, seventh Safavid king, son of Shah Ṣafi I (r. 15 Ṣafar 1052-25 Rabiʿ I 1077/15 May 1642-25 September 1666). Judas Tadeusz Krusinski, The History of the Revolutions of Persia, 2 vols, London, 1728; repr., New York, 1973. Rudi Matthee, “'Abbas II,” Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition, 2014, available at http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/abbas-ii-2013 (accessed on 24 January 2014). He made many enemies. Chardin recounts the rumor that the shah might have been poisoned but thought it more plausible that he died from a neglected venereal disease (Chardin, IX, pp. Abbas' reign was mostly peaceful. 398-99). (persisch شاه عباس دوم [ʃɑh æˈbbɑːs ɛ dovom]; * 20.Dezember 1633; † 25. 67-68; Matthee, 2012, p. 127). 2010. 91, 141). 3). Book your stay now! and ed. More serious efforts had to wait until the moment, in 1045/1635, when Shah ʿAbbās took full control of statecraft. ʿAbbās II (20 dicembre 1633 – 26 ottobre 1666) è stato Scià di Persia dal 1642 al 1666.Fu il settimo scià della dinastia dei Safavidi.. Kaykāvus Jahāndāri, as Irān dar ʿahd-e Šāh ʿAbbās-e dovvom,” Tehran, 2001. Kaykāvus Jahāndāri, as Dar darbār-e šāhanšāh-e Irān, Tehran, 1971. During his reign, the Safavid court maintained regular diplomatic contacts with nations and companies ranging from the Ottomans, the Mughals of India, Russia, Ethiopia, and the European maritime companies, the VOC (Verenigde Oostindische Compagne) and the English East India Company. 566, 612; Röhrborn, pp. On 15 May 1642, at Kashan, Muhammad Mirza was crowned as shah of Iran and chose "Abbas II" as his dynastic name. Shah Abbas II (born 31 December 1632; died 25/26 October 1666) was Shah of Iran from 1642 to 1666. 576-79, provides an eyewitness account of the shah’s festive entry into Isfahan). Marie-Félicité Brosset, tr. The silk trade, over which the government held a monopoly, was a primary source of revenue. In 1065/1655 the shah instituted a semi-weekly session (majles) for the purpose of rendering public justice; and during his reign it was still possible for commoners to grab the reins of his horse and hand him petitions (NA, VOC 1208, 12 April 1655, fol. Shah ʿAbbās had two sons, Ṣafi Mirzā and Ḥamza Mirzā, the younger one. This action was short-lived, as the Dutch, wary of their own commercial losses and the expense involved, gave in to Iranian demands, after which they ended up concluding a new silk treaty in 1062/1652 (Speelman, pp. 148-49). His two main grand viziers, Ḵalifa Solṭān and Moḥammad Beg (q.v., in office 106-71/1654-61), actively sought to stem the outflow of money to India via the Persian Gulf ports by prohibiting the export of specie. in 1038/1648, which the shah led in person, and the campaign against the Uzbeks, which he undertook shortly before his death. National Archief, Records of the Verenigde Oostindische Compagne (NA, VOC). 348-52; Wāleh Eṣfahāni, pp. In the Persian Gulf, a conflict with the VOC over the terms of its silk contract with the Safavids in 1055/1645 prompted the VOC to lay a naval blockade around Bandar-e ʿAbbās (q.v. In 1059/1649, still only in his late teens after seven dry years on the throne, he took up the cup during his triumphant return from the Kandahar campaign (Wāleh Eṣfahāni, p. 480). 86-94; Matthee, Floor, and Clawson, chap. Waliqoli Dāwudqoli Šāmlu, Qeṣaṣ al-ḵaqāni, Ms. or. Shah ʿAbbās II, known as Solṭān-Moḥammad Mirzā  prior to his enthronement, was born in Qazvin, most likely, as the Dutch report, on Monday 14 Ṣafar 1042/30 August 1632, as the first of Shah Ṣafi’s five sons  (NA, VOC 1106, 8 May 1633, unfol.). 10 1/2 in by 7 ½ in. Mehdi Keyvani, Artisans and Guild Life in the Later Safavid Period: Contributions to the Social-Economic History of Persia, Berlin, 1982. For much of this period, most of the shah’s executive duties were performed by the forceful and energetic Moḥammad Beg. and tr. Gel. Idem, "Between Arabs, Turks and Iranians: The Town of Basra, 1600-1700," BSOAS 69, 2006, pp. George A. Bournoutian, Costa Mesa, Calif., 2006. Gel) de Jongh. Sayyeds and ulama prominently participated in his accession ceremony, and the event was accompanied by a tax remission valued at 500,000 (no doubt an exaggerated sum) tumans as well as a ban on the consumption of alcoholic drinks (Waḥid Qazvini, pp. Joan Cuneaus, the VOC envoy who in March 1652 met with the shah during an audience where the ruler allowed his guests to drink from his own wine cup, described him as being of medium height, rather skinny, loose-limbed, and beardless (Speelman, pp. In 1880, Tewfik accepted joint French-British control over the nation's finances. Shah ʿAbbās II died, not yet thirty-five years old, on 20 Rabiʿ I 1077/25 September 1666 (or 26 Rabiʿ II 1077/26 October 1666) in Ašraf (present-day Behšahr), the winter resort town that Shah ʿAbbās I had built in Mazandaran. He also made arrangements with the Uzbeks, awarding them a tributary subvention designed to buy their loyalty and to keep them from slave-raiding into Iranian territory. 547; NA, Coll. He showed unusual religious tolerance, granting privileges to many Christian groups. Idem, Persia in Crisis: Safavid Decline and the Fall of Isfahan, London, 2012. Francis Richard, 2 vols., Paris, 1995. Idem, The Pursuit of Pleasure: Drugs and Stimulants in Iranian History 1500-1900, Princeton, 2005. Walther Hinz, Leipzig, 1940; new ed., Tübingen, 1977; tr. Under his rule, Iran became notable for its efficient justice system, remarkable architecture, and centralized authority over disputing tribal factions. Contemporary Christian sources stress his friendly attitude toward his Christian subjects (Arakel, p. 534; Brosset, II, p. 80; Chardin, IX, pp. 12-13; Keyvani, pp. ). This page was last changed on 5 May 2019, at 12:50. Contemporary observers offer different opinions about the cause of his death. He was also known as Shah Abbas the Great(شاه عباس بزرگ). Choose from 14 different sets of shah abbas flashcards on Quizlet. In order to remedy this situation, Shah ʿAbbās II took various measures designed to enhance tax revenue. Some faulted him for acts of cruelty, but most compared his character favorably to that of his father, emphasizing his energy, his high-mindedness, and his sense of justice, which reminded them of his great-grandfather, Shah ʿAbbās I (Daulier Deslandes, p. 17; Tavernier, I, pp. He kept it from attacks by Mughal India. The only incident with the Ottomans involved troubles in Basra. He remained in office until his death in 1064/1654. Idem, The Persian Gulf: A Political and Economic History of Five Port Cities, 1500-1730, Washington, D.C., 2006. and map, Paris, 1810-11. Avropada onu "Böyük Abbas" adlandırırdılar. 182-97). André Daulier Deslandes, The Beauties of Persia or An Account of the Most Interesting Features in that Kingdom, Paris, 1673; repr. The Kandahar expedition showed up the weak state of the Safavid army and the woeful lack of money resulting from underlying economic problems. Iran - Iran - Shah ʿAbbās I: The Ṣafavids were still faced with the problem of making their empire pay. Ahmet Dourry Efendy, Relation de Dourry Efendy, ambassadeur de la Porthe Otomane auprès du roy de Perse, tr. Saru Taqi tried to end corruption. Raphaël du Mans, missionnaire en Perse au XVIIe siécle, ed. The mid-17th century in general was a period of relative tranquility and economic prosperity for Iran, to the point where ʿAbbās II’s reign saw few momentous events in the form of rebellions and wars. Biographie. Enjoy breathtaking view, luxurious and well-furnished rooms; and its convenient location. This coin of Shah 'Abbas II (reigned 1642-66) was minted in Tabriz, Iran, in 1653. In the summer of 1058/1648, an army of some 50,000 headed east. In 1063/1653, a time of great economic difficulty, the clerics managed to persuade the shah to ban alcohol once again (NA, VOC 1201, 16 August 1653; Matthee, 2005, pp. The Persian chronicles indeed describe several years of his reign, such as 1060 and 1069, as “peaceful” and “uneventful” (Waliqoli Šāmlu, fols. 129-30). 22 ff.). His name was Sultan Muhammed Mirza until he became Shah on 15 May 1642. Shah Abbas II Tomb. Shah Abbas had an eye for what? In most cases it is clear that, rather than the shah himself, clerical pressure, the zeal of high officials seeking to establish their religious credentials, and a growing need for revenue were responsible for these measures. In 1067/1657 the Armenians were forced to leave Isfahan proper and to decamp to New Julfa (see JULFA), across the Zāyandarud. Cornelis Speelman, Journaal der reis van den gezant der O.T. 333-57. Abbas II (Abbas Hilmi) (äbäs` hĭl`mĭ, ăbäs`, ăb`əs), 1874–1944, last khedive of Egypt (1892–1914); son and successor of Tewfik Pasha Tewfik Pasha (Muhammad Tewfik) , 1852–92, khedive of Egypt (1879–92). 173-91). Exceptions to the relative tranquility of the shah’s reign are the pacification of Georgia in 1038-39/1648-49, the expedition against Kandahar (q.v.) A. Hotz, Amsterdam, 1908. Abbas II may refer to: * Abbas II of Persia, (1633-1666), Shah of Iran from 1642 to 1666 * Abbas II of Egypt, (also known as Abbas Hilmi Pasha), (1874 – 1944), last Khedive of Egypt and Sudan (1892 – 1914) Wikimedia Foundation. He became Shah of Iran in early 1581 in a revolt against his father, Mohammad of Safavid, who was imprisoned. R. K. Kiknadze and V. S. Puturidze, Tbilisi, 1990. Both have been making waves on social media as well with their performances in recent hit dramas. 133 ff. 376-9; Tavernier, I, pp. Shah Abbas II (Persian: شاه عباس دوم‎, romanized: Shāh Abbās) (30 August 1632 – 26 October 1666), was the seventh Safavid king (shah) of Iran, ruling from 1642 to 1666. Louis M. Langlès, Paris, 1810. In 1052/1642, Mirzā Taqi was charged with the constructing of a reception hall (tālār) to the ʿĀli Qāpu (q.v.) Following the Peace Treaty of Zohāb of 1049/1639 with the Ottoman empire, the western borderlands were generally quiet. ʿAbbās I - ʿAbbās I - Legacy: Shah ʿAbbās ruled with a passionate zeal for justice and the welfare of his subjects. ©2021 Encyclopædia Iranica Foundation, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 89-120). Hotel Shah Abbas Srinagar Official Website. Picault, Histoire des révolutions de Perse pendant la durée du dix-huitième siècle, 2 vols., Paris, 1810. 1653 or 1654 showbiz industry Qom ( NA, VOC ) of Göttingen 1968! 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